The short answer to the question “Does every decision require consensus?” is “No, of course not!
The even shorter answer is “It depends.”
Groups implementing consensus process for the first time tend to want everyone to decide everything. While understandable, this is an unsustainable expectation. It leads to too many meetings, long discussions about trivial details and, eventually, disenchantment with the whole process.
Here are two ways to avoid this common mistake:
- Bundle all the routine, uncontroversial decisions (e.g., approval of minutes of previous meetings, proposals that have been previously vetted by a committee, etc.) into one item on the agenda (sometimes called the “consent agenda”) and approve them all together. If one of the issues turns out to be more controversial than expected, it is removed from the “bundle” and treated separately.
- Delegate. Once the group has reached consensus on the broad concept and any constraints (such as budget, etc,) related to a proposed course of action, it can leave the decisions about how to “make it happen” to those empowered to implement it.